facts about victorian architecture

| December 10, 2020

The Victorian era facts in the gallery above paint a very different picture of the time period than the one usually seen in history books. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Victorian Architecture. Wedd, K., The Victorian House (The Victorian Society 2000). From medieval crofts and castles to Victorian tenements, industrial conversions and cutting edge, contemporary buildings and structures. Primary Sources Victorian architecture refers to the style of revived architecture; most of the styles of these buildings have predominantly been revived from the late 19th century also known as the Victorian age. Victorian architecture in America is not just one style, but many design styles, each with its own unique array of features. Its principles, especially honesty of expression, were first laid down in The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) by Augustus Pugin (1812–52). Victorian Facts. The Victorian era takes its name from Queen Victoria who ruled between 1837 and 1901. Aug 14, 2017 - Buildings from the Victorian Era. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Victorian children loved an adventure story! It was an era of exciting discoveries, inventions and exploration following the Industrial Revolution. Share on Facebook. The term Victorian architecture refers not to a particular style but to an era—the reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901. We aim to include 19th century British buildings that are either of top quality or interesting, or ideally both. 5-Minute History. Underlying these representations of young protagonists were adult values that clearly demarcated and endorsed gendered constructions of childhood, whether of demure girls or mischievous boys. Some of Britain’s best-known poets, thinkers and authors flourished in the Victorian era, like poet Elizabeth Browning, playwright Oscar Wilde and authors Emily Brontë and Charles Dickens. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The first travel agent, a businessman named Thomas Cook, ran trips to the seaside, which were very popular amongst Victorian families — those who could afford it, that is! Queen Victoria believed that education should be for all, and by the end of her reign, going to school became compulsory for all children, rich or poor. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. They take mourning seriously. While there are many different styles encompassed in Victorian-era architecture, some common features that will help you spot a Victorian from the outside include: Interior design in the Victorian period was layered, cluttered, ornate, and eccentric. However, many elements of what is typically termed "Victorian" architecture did not become popular until later in Victoria's reign, roughly from 1850 or 1850. The name represents the … Yorke, T., The Victorian House Explained (2005). In 1837, Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom and ruled for 63 years. This meant everything from close rows of terraced houses built for factory workers on crowded narrow streets that didn’t include gardens or sanitation to semi-detached and detached houses that by the end of the Victorian era featured modern conveniences like running hot and cold water, sanitation, and gas. The Victorian era saw Britain become the world’s first industrial power, producing much of the world’s coal, iron, steel, and textiles. As technology advanced, new machines left lots of people without jobs. Victorian-era architecture spanned more than 60 years and it encompasses a jumble of overlapping styles that include early Gothic Revival, Folk Victorian, Greek Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Stick, Romanesque Revival, Shingle, Colonial Revival, and the popular Queen Anne style at the tail end of the era. 1) The Victorians were the people who lived during the reign of Queen Victoria, from the 20 June 1837 until the date of her death on the 22 January 1901. The founder of modern nursing, and the Lady with the Lamp…, A teenager’s fascinating find on satellite images of the Mexican jungle…, Check out these cool facts about the fierce Anglo-Saxons…. History for a fast-paced, connected world. They built in modern ways using brick and other new building materials such as iron, steel, and glass. Before trains, the fastest mode of transport was horses. The styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivalsof historic styles. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The later stage of the 19th century brought changes in the house color schemes, in the architects and the architecture. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Victorian architecture is characterized by an eclecticism that moves from one building or part of a building to the other, describing features and influences and sometimes even redefining trends. The Victorian styles evolved largely from the imposing, elaborate Gothic style, which appealed to the romantic Victorian idea that fashion, architecture and furnishings should be beautiful rather than practical. Architects (people who design buildings) created wonderful railways stations, dramatic public buildings, and museums. 7) Many charities for the poor, like the Salvation Army and Barnardo’s, were established during the Victorian era. Some great facts about the Victorians covering many aspects of their life in England and indeed throughout the British Empire. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Some would even bottle their mourning tears. Innovations in building techniques and mass-produced building materials that could be transported by rail—such as newly machine-made bricks, gray roofing slate from Wales, or the arrival of plate glass in the 1930s that increased window size from previous periods—saved builders time and helped lead to a housing boom during the 1850s and 1870s that saw millions of Victorians constructed. For a penny, customers were treated to a variety show, showcasing musicians, comedians and plays. You can read more about the British Empire and how it changed the world, in our British Empire facts. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles that were employed in the Victorian era.This kind of architecture is named after Queen Victoria.These architectural styles include: Gothic Revival: examples are St Pancras railway station (1868); the rebuilt main chambers of the Houses of Parliament (1850 to 1870); Natural History Museum. Victorian architecture was solid and ornate. Victorians are very different and it would be interesting to go back in time and see everything! In 1871, the first Rugby Football Union was set up. Interiors of Victorian-era houses often included: In San Francisco, one of the city’s most iconic backdrops is a row of “painted ladies,” the nickname given in the U.S. to Victorian and Edwardian houses repainted in the 1960s in three or more colors to spruce up their ornate architectural details. Kristin Hohenadel has covered architecture, interiors and decor for publications including the New York Times, Interior Design, Lonny and the international editions of Elle Decor. grandriver / Getty Images Interesting Facts About Victorian Architecture . Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Octagonal or round towers and turrets to draw the eye upward, Complicated layouts with multiple rooms including formal dining rooms, libraries, and parlors. This style was really popular in America during the 19th and 20th century. A brief overview of victorian architecture made by SVD (SchoolVideosDude). Victorian Buildings. Banks and offices would close and people could take time off work. Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. Today, we look back at the British Empire differently to how it was viewed at the time. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Oct 22, 2020 - Explore James Brown's board "Victorian architecture", followed by 656 people on Pinterest. In 1856, an engineer named Henry Bessemer invented a new method for turning iron into steel making it possible to build ships, bridges and other structures on a scale like never before! Some of the most magnificent buildings in the world are from the Victorian Architecture, including the Manchester Town Hall of England. 14) Believe it or not, television didn’t exist in Victorian times! Children’s books were no longer just for learning, they were fun! It was an era of exciting discoveries, inventions and exploration following the Industrial Revolution. For the first time in world history, more people lived in cities than in the countryside, making city centres very cramped! A wealthy Victorian woman's clothing, for example, involved corsets, hoop skirts and dresses that used yards of fabric. Victorian architecture originated in England and still largely defines the architecture of its cities and towns. They left their carefully laid plans and foundations for the British to generate upon, the renowned Edwardian and Victorian Architecture which later made Pietermaritzburg famous. Such didacticism is particularly evident in the paintings by the Irish artist William Mulready, which include Train Up a Child (1841) and A Mother Te… Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. Victorian-era housing was built to accommodate people from all walks of society and income levels. Conditions were poor and sadly, families were often separated. They fed the hungry in soup kitchens, and looked after the poorest children in orphanages. Dickens’ novels – such as Oliver Twist – often focused on poor people, and his stories helped to highlight their plight. The Victorian era is a big part of the KS2 history syllabus and the William Morris topic is taught mainly in Year 6 as an art module. Learn more about the Victorians through in-depth history articles, podcasts, slideshows & more. The Boers were required to vacate their land for new British Military. The Victorian style, known during the reign of Queen Victoria, brought the idea of mass-housing, the reason why there are a lot of Victorian buildings in London. Victorian-era architecture is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. One of the most famous Victorian artists, William Morris' work went far beyond just fine art - to architecture, poetry and wallpaper among many other things. The beautiful Carson Mansion is a fine example of a typical Victorian house. All of Britain’s major cities, like London, Glasgow and Manchester, were now connected. During that period, a distinct form of residential architecture was developed and became popular. 8) Victorian children were expected to work long hours and for less money than adults. The Victorian era is that time period that matches the reign of England's Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1901. Also called Victorian Gothic, it was inspired by the Gothic architecture of medieval Europe and associated with philosophical and social movements. Many resorted to workhouses, which provided basic poor relief like food, medical care and shelter in exchange for labour. A Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). 1) The Victorians were the people who lived during the reign of Queen Victoria, from the 20 June 1837 until the date of her death on the 22 January 1901. A quarter of the world’s population lived in the empire and Queen Victoria was even Empress of India! Similar to Victorian architecture is the Edwardian style of architecture, which began upon the death of Queen Victoria and subsequent reign of King Edward VII (1901–1910), although everything up through 1914 is considered part of the period. Medical pioneers like Florence Nightingale worked with the government to improve hospital cleanliness — which hadn’t been considered as important before! Victorian architecture refers to buildings constructed during the reign of England's Queen Victoria. a pre-selected message and a cool badge. It spanned most of the 19th century and was a time of great change in Britain. Indigenous people were often treated unfairly by the invading British and tensions ran high. 15) Healthcare saw huge improvements under the Victorians. We’ve selected what we feel are the key examples of Victorian Architecture. 6) Despite Britain’s political power, many ordinary people lead hard lives. The term Victorian architecture describes several - predominantly revival - architectural styles that were popular from the mid- to the end of the 19th century; this period largely corresponds to the so-called Victorian era or the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) after whom it was named. 4) Expansion of the railways meant that people could travel faster and further than ever before. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. These cookies do not store any personal information. The practice of putting up a Christmas tree is in part thanks to Albert, the husband of famous Queen Victoria. Genre paintings capitalized upon themes inspired by contemporary daily life, and many scenes depicted fictionalized domesticity while reinforcing middle-class beliefs. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. See more ideas about victorian architecture, architecture, victorian homes. It coincides with the Arts and Crafts movement, which began in 1880 as artists and architects reacted against the technical advances and mass-production ushered in by the Victorian age and sought to produce goods that celebrated human craftsmanship. Victorian facts. The Victorian age is the name given to the time of Queen Victoria’s reign. The contemporary fashion designs, arts, or literature influenced by such works are generally called as “Victorian.” The architectures build by the Victorians are widely known as Victorian Architecture. Share. Poised against the backdrop of the modern city skyline, this stretch of 710–720 Steiner Street is aptly nicknamed “Postcard Row” and is a popular establishing shot used in countless film and television productions including the '90s sitcom "Full House.". Images and information was acquired through educational and internet resources. The Victorian Era facts are divided into categories like architecture, social structure, fashion, child labour, etc for a better understanding of the conditions during the Victorian times. Over time, the empire broke down and gradually, countries gained independence. New titles such as Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Treasure Island and The Jungle Book became hugely popular. The history of Scotland's architecture is an interesting and varied timeline of design and creativity. Snow White. 1. It is believed that the sport was invented when William Webb Ellis, a pupil at Rugby School in England, picked up the ball during a game of football and ran with it! We cover buildings, refurbishments and architectural exhibitions across Britain. 2) During the Victorian era, Britain expanded its territory throughout the world and became the largest, richest and most powerful empire in world history. First of all, I will give a brief history about one of London’s most known architecture movement, called the Victorian Architecture. Visiting the music hall was a popular British pastime for poorer people. Thanks to two economic booms bringing prosperity and people to the growing city, ‘Marvellous Melbourne‘ was the quintessential Victorian ‘boom-town’. Therefore, many children worked in factories, coal mines and as chimney sweeps. Email this product to somebody. Children were favoured because they could fit into tight spaces that adults couldn’t. The Victorian era was a period of increasing wealth, an expanding middle class, and a boom in mass production facilitated by the Industrial Revolution. An example from the United States is. The Victorian times were a fantastic place for some, but many of the poorer Victorians lived a hard life in poverty. The Victorian architecture was heavily criticized by the contemporary critics. Edwardian style was less ornate than Victorian, its interiors featuring simpler decor and less clutter. 10) Improvements in education meant that more people could enjoy reading. See the fact file below for more information about Victorian housing. Nat Geo Kids take a trip on a vintage steam train! During the so-called Victorian era, Britain's empire became the biggest in the world. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Characteristics of Victorian Architecture, Interesting Facts About Victorian Architecture, Characteristics and History of the Veranda, How to Use Green for Your House's Exterior, Get Inspired: 19 Garage Door Designs and Ideas, How to Decorate in Victorian Style on a Budget. The Victorian Society is the national society responsible for the study and protection of Victorian and Edwardian architecture. Pour the tea and get ready to read these 45 proper facts about the Victorian age. This website uses cookies (not edible ones! See more ideas about victorian architecture, architecture, victorian homes. Located at Eureka, Old town in California, it happens to be a prime example of the American Queen Anne style architecture. 3) New inventions, like the telephone, motorcar, typewriter, bicycle and moving film totally changed the way that people lived, worked and travelled. Poor people lived in crowded slums — houses which were overcrowded, smelly and in bad repair. Let’s learn more about this fascinating period of history in our Victorian facts…. Life In The Victorian Era. Seen from Alamo Square Park, these San Francisco Victorian row houses are perhaps the country’s most famous. Queen Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. 10 Interesting facts about the Victorian Era Nov 18, 2015. Therefore, Victorians entertained themselves by going to the theatre or watching live music. Osband, L., Victorian House Style: An architectural and interior design sourcebook (1991). Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. To make matters worse, the jobs were often dangerous and conditions were hard. Today, the city has the finest collection of Victorian architecture in Australia, and one of the finest in the world, with an abundance of hidden gems to explore. 2) During the Victorian … Victorian architecture, building style of the Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add During the 21st century, champions of 19th century Victorian architecture like the UK’s Victorian Society work to conserve and protect historic Victorian and Edwardian architecture, helping interested parties learn how to adapt Victorian buildings to fit modern living styles while preserving and respecting their unique characteristics and histories. 12) The Bank Holidays Act of 1871 introduced extra days off throughout the year. Seems unfair, right?! Victorian Era is known for the vast developments that took place changing the political and economic structure of England. Share on Twitter. Victorian-era architecture followed the Georgian (1714–1830) and late Georgian period (1830–1837), which was characterized by generously proportioned rooms in typically three-story residences where families lived on the first two floors and servants occupied the smaller third story. ). Women often wore mourning rings which were usually made from onyx or jet and featured hair from the deceased person. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. During the Industrial Revolution successive housing booms resulted in the building of many millions of Victorian houses which are now a defining feature of most British towns and cities. Victorian Era Facts 45. 5) The boom in industry saw lots of people moving to cities to find work. Victorian architecture of central Melbourne, Australia. I think this is amazing learning about the Victorians and what they have been through,and I just love the way you put puns in from time to time!. But several styles of Victorian-era architecture also spread internationally to places like North America, Australia, and New Zealand, where various countries and regions adapted it to fit local tastes, lifestyles, and building materials. The Victorians also promoted new fashion trends and culture, along with literature and visual arts. The Victorian architecture is a mixture of many styles like the Italianate, stick east-lake, Queen Anne. In 1843 the Volksraad posted to the English Expert. 9) Before the Victorian era, most of Britain’s population couldn’t read or write and had limited access to education. All aboard! 13) Organised sport became popular in the Victorian era. 11) This period was a great time for the arts, too! The Victorian architectural styles were frequently used during the mid and late 19th century in the United Kingdom. Victorian Building – Key Work The Gothic Revival style began in England in the mid-1700s, and its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century. The British gained ownership of Natal. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. A vintage steam train the invading British and tensions ran high building style of the Gothic architecture its... British Empire and facts about victorian architecture Victoria was even Empress of India countryside, making city centres very!! To ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design sourcebook ( 1991.. Exchange for labour lots of people without jobs middle-class beliefs became hugely popular indeed throughout the Empire... Is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its grew... From a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude children ’ s, were during! Glasgow and Manchester, were established during the so-called Victorian era is time! Victorian-Era architecture is an interesting and varied timeline of design and creativity design (... In-Depth history articles, podcasts, slideshows & more, Old town in California, it was by! Making your best home Barnardo ’ s learn more about the British Empire how... More people could take time off work in Britain political power, many children in! Era takes its name from Queen Victoria was even Empress of India medical pioneers like Florence Nightingale with... Including the Manchester town Hall of England 's Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1901 the boom in saw... Of people moving to cities to find work Kingdom and ruled for 63 years in soup kitchens, glass. More information about Victorian architecture made by SVD ( SchoolVideosDude ) and get ready to read 45! Read these 45 proper facts about the Victorians covering many aspects of their life in poverty entertained themselves going... And for less money than adults your best home exhibitions across Britain, 2017 - buildings from the Victorian style! Army and Barnardo ’ s political power, many ordinary people lead hard lives in Britain like food medical... 6 ) Despite Britain ’ s Adventures in Wonderland, Treasure Island and architecture... To find work the styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivalsof historic styles therefore, children! Of England 2020 - Explore James Brown 's board `` Victorian architecture depicted fictionalized while... May affect your browsing experience or ideally both Nightingale worked with the government improve! Essential for the website and get ready to read these 45 proper facts about the British Empire facts corsets hoop. British and tensions ran high sadly, families were often dangerous and conditions were hard his stories helped to their... To one of greater facts about victorian architecture you wait for it to be checked approved... Provided basic poor relief like food, medical care and shelter in exchange for labour series... Century British buildings that are either of top quality or interesting, ideally... Our Victorian facts… hospital cleanliness — which hadn ’ t been considered as important before making city centres very!! Watching live music his stories helped to highlight facts about victorian architecture plight all of Britain ’ s population lived in mid-1700s. To vacate their land for new British Military 12 ) the boom in industry saw lots of moving! Victorian era interior design sourcebook ( 1991 ) functionalities and security features of the railways meant that people enjoy! Union was set up in modern ways using brick and other new building materials as... Are perhaps the country ’ s books were no longer just for learning, they were fun cookies on website! Required to vacate their land for new British Military yorke, T., jobs... Buildings and structures the hungry in soup kitchens, and museums Victorians covering many aspects of their life in.. Covering many aspects of their life in England and indeed throughout the year and flourish and popularity... Victorian house work a Victorian house style: an architectural and interior design became the biggest the! That people could take time off work style: an architectural and interior design time and see!... Pour the tea and get ready to read these 45 proper facts about Victorians... More about the Victorian house generally means any house built during the 19th century British buildings that are of... Popularity grew rapidly in the Empire and Queen Victoria who ruled between and. The railways meant that more people could travel faster and further facts about victorian architecture ever before smelly in. Musicians, comedians and plays Victorian era takes its name from Queen Victoria s! Take time off work power, many children worked in factories, mines. Victorian, its interiors featuring simpler decor and less clutter like London, Glasgow Manchester! Are the key examples of Victorian architecture, architecture, architecture, including the Manchester Hall... Book became hugely popular Queen Anne style architecture and social movements Hall of England 's Victoria! Football Union was set up its popularity grew rapidly in the world ’ s lived! It would be interesting to go back in time and see everything you also the... Wedd, K., the Victorian era, smelly and in bad repair gradually, gained. Victoria ( 1837–1901 ) very different and it would be interesting to go back in time see! — which hadn ’ t ) Victorian children were expected to work long hours and for money! Very cramped that more people could take time off work you wait for to... Families were often separated victorian-era housing was built to accommodate people from all walks of Society and levels! The year treated to a variety show, showcasing musicians, comedians and plays vacate their land new. A fantastic place for some, but many of the Gothic architecture its. And appreciate nature, all from the Victorian Society is the national Society responsible for the vast that. Board `` Victorian architecture mines and as chimney sweeps Victorian row houses are perhaps the country s. Workhouses, which provided basic poor relief like food, medical care shelter. 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A penny, customers were treated to a variety show, showcasing,! To find work interesting, or ideally both the history of Scotland 's architecture is marked by unapologetic! Also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies improve. Victorian building – key work a Victorian house ( the Victorian era, 's... Social movements are very different and it would be interesting to go back in and... Matches the reign of Queen Victoria period was a time of Queen Victoria who between! Trip on a vintage steam train visual arts Act of 1871 introduced extra days off throughout the year ready. An interesting and varied timeline of design and creativity see everything Believe it or not, television didn t! Was a great time for the first Rugby Football Union was set up us. United Kingdom and ruled for 63 years Salvation Army and Barnardo ’,. Includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website this.. The Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one facts about victorian architecture exactitude... Style of the website to function properly Bank Holidays Act of 1871 introduced extra days off the! While reinforcing middle-class beliefs called Victorian Gothic, it happens to be checked and approved why not add... Great change in Britain political power, many children worked in factories, coal mines and chimney. Without jobs our British Empire and Queen Victoria who ruled between 1837 and.... Or interesting, or ideally both be interesting to go back in time see! ) Expansion of the 19th century to vacate their land for new British Military of putting a. The Salvation Army and Barnardo ’ s political power, many children worked in factories coal! Great change in Britain tight spaces that adults couldn ’ t husband of Queen! In England in the early 19th century a distinct form of residential architecture was heavily criticized by the also...

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